Author Guidelines




Manuscript to be typed double space with a 1 inch margin all around in Times New Roman.

The article has to be prepared in the following manner

  1. First Page File: Prepared the title page, covering letter, acknowledgement, etc., using a word processor program. All information which can reveal your identity should be here.
  2. Article file (with table): The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. Do not include any information such as acknowledgement, your names in page headers, etc., in this file. Do not zip the files. Limit the file size to 400 kb. Do not incorporate image in the file. If the file size is large, graphs can be submitted as image separately without incorporation them in the article file to reduce the size of the file.

Image: Submit good quality color images. Each image should be less than 400 kb in size. Size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1024×760 pixels or 5 inches). All image formats (jpeg, tiff, gif, bmp, png, eps, etc.) are acceptable; jpeg is most suitable. Do not zip the files

Legends: Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.


Title Page

The title page should carry

  • Type of manuscript
  • The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;
  • Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;
  • Name of the authors (the way it should appear in the journal), with his or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation;
  • The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;
  • The name, address, phone number, facsimile numbers, and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
  • The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and abstract).
  • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these; and
  • If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read.


Abstract Page  

The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief report and 250 words for original articles). The abstract should be structured and the state the context (Background), Aims, Settings and Design, Method and Material, Statistical analysis used Results and Conclusions. Below the abstract should provide 3 to 10 key word.



 State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation.


Materials and Methods

Describe the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacture’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified method, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.

Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.



 When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at e.html)  



When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Put a general description of methods in the methods section. When data are summarized in the Result section, specify the statistical methods used to analyses them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as ‘random’ (which implies a randomizing device), ‘normal’, ‘significant’, ‘correlations’ and ‘sample’. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Use upper italics (P<0.05).



Present the results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the table or illustrations; emphasis or summaries only important observations.



Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the result section. Including in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.

In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify number in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are the based on the formats used by the NLM in index Medicus. The title of the journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in index Medius. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstract as references. Information from manuscript submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observation” with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parenthesis in the text. For scientific articles, contributors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. If the number of authors is more than six, list the first six authors followed by et al.


Journal references

Standard journal article

Kulkarni SB, Chitre RG, Satoskar RS. Serum proteins in tuberculosis. J Postgrad Med 2008; 6:113-12.

Volume with supplement

Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perpect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275-78.



Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.

  • Table with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.
  • Type or print out each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. If the table must be continued, repeat the title on a second sheet followed by “(contd.)”.
  • Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order to their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.
  • Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
  • Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.
  • Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.
  • For footnote use the following symbols, in this sequence: *,†,‡,§,¦,**,††,‡‡


Illustrations (Figures)

  • Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text
  • Symbols, arrow, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should marked with the background and should marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen.
  • Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.
  • When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.
  • The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.
  • If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
  • If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. A credit line should appear in the legend for figures for such figures.



            The authors’ from and copyright transfer from has to be submitted to the editorial office by post, in original with the signatures of all the authors within two  weeks of online submission or The forms should be uploaded within the same time duration.